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Going viral: Outside-the-box research into sterilizing N95 masks for re-use

With the COVID-19 pandemic still raging across the country and the world, the need for personal protective equipment for medical […]

The Advantages of an All-Metal Vacuum Furnace Hot Zone

For more than 70 years, the vacuum furnace has been available for metal processing requirements, and is widely accepted as […]

Q&A with Raymond Daniel Noble

What are your duties with Noble Industrial Furnace? What is your typical day? My duties include, but are not limited […]

Efficient Gas Heating of Industrial Furnaces

There are various types of high-efficiency gas burners and radiant tubes currently on the market, and economic tools can be […]

Buying a New Lab or Industrial Furnace

When the time comes to purchase a new lab or industrial furnace, there are several points that need to be […]

Heat Treating Education

In a recent paper by Janusz Kowalewski of Ipsen at the 3rd International Conference on Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering […]

Single-Piece, High-Volume, and Low-Distortion Case Hardening of Gears

Global output of the automotive industry reached 86 million vehicles in 2014. Each vehicle is fitted with a transmission gearbox […]

Analysis of Heat Treat Growth on Carburized Ring Gear and Multivariate Regression Model Development

In gear manufacturing and machine assembly, dimensional stability of each component and conformance to print requirements are of critical importance. […]

Case Study: Laser Hardening

To increase the hardness of a steel material, there are basically three required steps in the hardening process. Step one […]

Houghton International

Since its founding in 1865 by Edwin F. Houghton, the company has maintained its mission of combining environmental stewardship and […]

Inductive Fixture Hardening and Tempering Process for Dimensionally Accurate Parts

Automobile manufacturers increasingly require components with greater accuracy for use in sophisticated applications. To meet these increased requirements, press hardening […]

Nitrocarburizing Gears Using the ZeroFlow Method in Large-Volume Production

Retort-based nitriding and ferritic nitrocarburizing have been around a long time. Modern day challenges include providing known, repeatable hardness and […]

Optimizing Case-Depth Uniformity in the Vacuum Carburizing Process

Over the past few decades, the vacuum carburizing process has been proven to produce superior part quality. In addition, the […]

Producing Quality Parts in an Atmosphere Furnace: How to Optimize Your Quenching and Carburizing Processes

Throughout the manufacturing process, heat treatment is consistently viewed as a critical step for adding value to the parts produced. […]

Stress Generation in an Axle Shaft during Induction Hardening

Introduction Induction hardening of steel components offers a fast heating rate, high efficiency, and the ability to heat locally. Induction […]

INEX Inc.

When using conventional metal-alloy radiant tubes, failure is not just possible — it’s a certainty. It’s a costly reality that has […]

Case Study: Phoenix Contact and Ipsen

Ipsen supports its equipment across the globe using the mGuard VPN router from Phoenix Contact, which allows secure remote access […]

Mathematical Modelling of the Vacuum Carburizing Process

CAs expectations regarding the quality and precision of products continue to grow, further advances in materials engineering are strictly associated […]

Reducing Gear Size for Compact Transmission Design by Selecting Steel Grade and Heat Treatment Process with Computer Modeling

Gears are the most important components for transmissions. In many situations, the size of a transmission design needs to be […]

Some Basic Mathematical Elements On Steel Heat Treating: Modeling, Freeware Packages And Numerical Simulation

Every year since 2007, in June, a Modeling Week is held within the master program of the faculty of Mathematics […]

Case Study: SECO/Warwick and ABB Instrument Transformers

Instrument transformers are a precision device designed to accurately meter either current or voltage on an electrical circuit. They also […]

Heat Treat 101: A Primer

Gears play an essential role in the performance of many products that we rely on in our everyday lives. When […]

Heat Treatment of Large Components

Large gear components can be offered in many applications such as marine, wind power, steel rolling mills, power plants, transportation, […]

Increased Productivity Combining C/C Fixturing and LPC

Carbon/carbon and graphite materials are used in a variety of applications throughout the high temperature furnace industry. Entire vacuum hot […]

Vacuum Carburizing Large Gears

Throughout the machining process, great care is taken to achieve and maintain critical dimensions. The gears are then handed over […]

Flame Hardening Gears

Long gone are the days when a machine operator sat in a dark corner of the shop staring at the […]

Tooth-by-Tooth Induction Hardening of Gears (and How To Avoid Some Common Problems)

Tooth-by-tooth induction hardening of gears is a complex process. Variations of any of kind may be sufficient to cause the […]

Advantages of Induction Hardening with No Soft Zone on Large Bearings

Large bearings are required to carry large axial and radial forces and their resulting torques. Typical applications include general machinery […]

CASE STUDY: Company: Praxair Distribution, Inc. Customer: ALD Thermal Treatment, Inc.

In the past several years, heat treating companies have experienced a significant supply disruption in generated acetylene. Additionally, generated acetylene […]

Simulation of Gas Quenching of Steel Parts

One major difference between immersion quenching and gas quenching is the presence of boiling during the early stages of quenching […]

Properties of Cases Treated with High-Temperature Vacuum Carburization

Carburizing continues to be one of the basic thermochemical treatments used for industrial steel. With the development of the industry, […]

Improving Production Safely with Integrated Heat Treat and Quenching Cell

These aspects are not just requested, but increasingly required by industrial clients looking to install new thermal systems or expand […]

Cures for Heat Treaters Headaches

Heat treaters all over the world encounter similar problems with atmosphere furnaces. These problems not only cause operational headaches in […]

Inductive Spin Hardening of Gears: A Survey of Key Features and Benefits

A large part of the misunderstanding of induction hardening seems to stem from an incomplete grasp of the basic induction […]

Heat Treat Process For Gears

Heat treatment is a critical and complex element in the manufacturing of gears that greatly impacts how each will perform […]

Typical Heat Treatment Defects of Gears and Solutions Using FEA Modeling

Steel gears are heat treated to obtain enhanced properties and improved service performance. Quench hardening is one of the most […]

Recent Inventions and Innovations in Induction Hardening of Gears and Gear-like Components

This paper focuses on recent inventions and innovations (from the past four-six years) in induction hardening of gears and gear-like […]

Tighter Control Through Understanding What Your TUS Reports Are Telling You

Temperature uniformity is the temperature variation (usually expressed as ± degrees) within the qualified furnace work zone (Figure 1) with […]

Gas vs. Liquid Quenching: A Direct Comparison in Hardenability to Reduce Distortion

Introduction Hardenability is the ability of steel to partially or completely transform from austenite to some fraction of martensite at […]

Deep Cryogenic Treatment

What is deep cryogenic treatment? Deep cryogenic treatment (DCT) of steels and other materials is a distinct process that uses […]


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