Troubleshooting induction hardening problems: Part 2

Last month, I began a two-part article about troubleshooting induction hardening problems and discussed possible corrections. This month, I will discuss biological and odor...

Troubleshooting induction hardening problems: Part 1

Induction hardening is a unique method used to harden steels. The process uses a power supply, RF generator, induction coil, and quenching mechanism (spray...

Predicting hardness by the Grossman H-Value

In the last article, we described a method of calculating the Grossman H-Value . In the article before last, we described a method of...

Determining Grossman H-value from cooling curve data

In the last article, I described how the Jominy end quench test could be used to predict hardness for a series of different round...

Understanding the Jominy end quench test

The Jominy end quench test (ASTM A255 ) is an extremely simple and useful test that is applicable to many materials besides steel...

Hardenability – the influence of tramp elements

Hardenability is the property of a material to deeply harden, and not the ability to get hard . This basic concept has driven much...

Developing a superalloy with superior heat resistance

Demand for superior machinery that can operate effectively under extreme conditions is driving the development of newer alloys. One significant example is the preparation...

Thermal triplets: PM, sintering, and case hardening

From my experience, powder metals (PM), sintering, and case hardening are three processes that could be said to be joined at the hip. More...

How did we get where we are today?

Having worked in the heat-treating industry for 58 years, I agreed in January 2011 to write a monthly column about all things heat-treating for...

Process control is vital to heat-treating

The definition of process control can only be defined by the experience of the per-son to whom the query is presented. Everyone involved in...

The big gamble: Electric vehicles or bust

There’s a big gamble going on in Detroit, and I don’t mean at Greektown Casino; it’s at the big three automakers. All have, in...

Carburizing today: The secrets to predicting success

Predicting the outcome for today’s various carburizing processes requires different procedures and processes. Carburizing today is performed by two primary processes, at or above atmospheric...

Allocating space for case hardening furnaces

When selecting neutral or case hardening furnaces that require pits and have vertically mounted radiant tubes, facility managers must make sure that the equipment...

Let’s hear it for welding

Heat-treating and metallurgy are topics that attract the overwhelming interest of attendees of technical conferences and are written about in numerous articles. However, a...

The metallurgical R&D laboratory

Remembering old-school lab work is a blast from the past

Heat treating is not for the faint of heart

Why heat-treating furnaces look the way they do, Part 2

Some things old can be new again

Why heat-treating furnaces look the way they do

Carbon: Essential element or too much of a good thing

52100: Simple, yet it embraces carbon’s two-way benefit to steel

Find the right equipment

Vacuum carburizing or LPC, neutral hardening, oil or HPGQ (high pressure gas quench), vacuum pumps, graphite insulation, radiation shields or ceramic insulation, graphite or...

Anatomy of a Heat-Treating System

Ninety-eight 600-pound trays are in continuous process, 13 are in the pre-process queue, nine preheating, 14 in the boost carb, eight in the diffusion...

Meeting Automotive Efficiency Standards

For automobiles where competing hardening processes and materials are involved, automotive designers and heat treaters have choices when deciding how to meet efficiency standards. There...

Heat Treating, Furnaces, and Unintended Consequences

A few decades ago, my involvement with depleted uranium (DU) began in the metallurgical R&D department, developing program logic to heat treat DU in...

Furnace Types

Heat treating furnaces consist of several subassemblies: insulation (fiber and brick), heating systems (electric and gas), material handling, quenching, atmosphere system, process and control...

Furnace Doors

No matter the configuration, single or multi-chamber vacuum, batch integral quench, continuous, or even pits — an item that all furnaces have in common...

Stainless Steels

Kitchen sinks, refrigerator or oven doors, and tableware are what many people think of when they are asked what’s made from stainless steel (SS)....

Heating with natural gas

It’s no secret that the heat treating industry is one of the major recipients of the impact when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)...

Intensive Quenching Calls For Very High Cooling Rates Part 2

Intensive quenching (IQ) is defined as cooling, usually using pure water, at a rate several times higher than the rate of conventional quenching. Fast,...

Intensive Quenching

Heat treating is similar to art in many ways, but not for the reasons you might think. Art, it’s said, is in the eye...

Furnace Maintenance

When a heat treat manager or anyone responsible for purchasing heat treating equipment makes a buy decision, they must first consider the process required,...

Carburizing and Steel

In carburizing, gears must be heated to reach the appropriate temperature for the steel grade without causing excessive grain growth and distortion in a...

Lighter Weight and Increased Fatigue Strength with Adi

Have you ever hit a rock or other hard projectile while cutting your lawn? Have you noticed that the blade is dented, not broken...

Future of heat treating of gears is similar to garage sale mentality

When and how does a heat treater determine whether to purchase new equipment or rebuild an old furnace? Several years ago I participated in a...
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